how to reduce melanin in skin

How to Reduce Melanin in Skin?

Do you know how your skin gets its color? Give a big thank you to  melanin. It not only gives color to your skin but also to your hair and eyes.  And the amount of melanin you have in your skin varies from individual to individual. 

The question is: Is determining the color of your skin the only job melanin does?  The answer is NO. Melanin goes above and beyond to protect your skin. Unfortunately, there is a desire for even skin tone. As a result, some individuals often wonder, "how to reduce melanin in skin?" Truth be told, some of the ways to reduce melanin do more harm than good. 

So, it is important to understand safe methods to reduce melanin and take a holistic approach to maintain your skin's melanin level. This guide is all you need!  We are going to cover important topics like:

  • What is melanin?
  • How to reduce melanin?
  • How to stop melanin production?
  • DIY remedies and more.

Understanding Melanin

Melanin is a pigment in your skin made by cells called melanocytes. It determines your skin color and protects you from the sun's harmful UV rays. Now, there are two different types of melanin, each giving different colors to our skin. They are as follows—

  • Eumelanin: It is responsible for darker skin tones, ranging from brown to black.
  • Pheomelanin: This type of melanin contributes to lighter skin tones, including red and yellow hues.

Eumelanin provides more effective protection against UV radiation, while pheomelanin is less efficient in this regard. Furthermore, individuals with darker skin tones produce more melanin than individuals with lighter skin tones.

Given the variations in melanin levels in individuals, it is important to understand what factors impact melanin production. Why do we need to know that? So that you can correctly identify how to reduce melanin.

Factors Affecting Melanin Production

Your skin tone is not set in stone. There are multiple factors that affect melanin production, which in turn affects your skin's color. Some of them are:

  • Your genetics which kind of instruct or drive your body's functioning. 
  • The amount of sunlight your skin gets during the day. Spending lots of time under the sun can make our skin darker because our bodies produce more melanin to protect us from its harmful rays.   
  • Finally, your hormones can also affect melanin production. Hormones like melanocytic hormone, estrogens and progesterone affect melanogenesis. 

Note.: Melanogenesis is the process of melanin synthesis. This process takes place in melanocytes where melanin is produced. 

Risks and Misconceptions

The answer to the questions, 'how to remove melanin from skin?' or 'how to reduce melanin in skin' is very tricky. Mind you, there are a lot of risks and misconceptions associated with it. Here are some of them:

You can permanently reduce melanin in your skin.

As fancy and desirable as it sounds, permanent reduction is not possible. No matter how much those fancy skin lightening cream promise you. Why? Because you cannot change your genetics. Genetics is the most significant and primary factor that determines your melanin production. 

The good news for those who still want an answer to 'how to reduce melanin' is that you can temporarily reduce melanin. We will tell you how shortly. 

You can completely remove existing melanin deposits in your skin.

Again, complete reduction is not possible. But you can look at reducing the excess melanin (hyperpigmentation) by spot treatment. However, it is important to consult your dermatologist before you sign yourself up for laser therapy, intense pulse light therapy or topical creams. 

Sunscreen alone can reduce melanin production.

Remember this: sun exposure triggers melanin production. Thus, leading to uneven skin tone. A sunscreen helps to protect your skin from UV radiation, but it doesn't directly reduce overall melanin production. Think of it as a preventive measure for preventing further darkening due to sun exposure. 

Safe Methods to Reduce Melanin.

Sun Protection

Protecting your skin from the sun is an important step in managing melanin production. Who is your best friend here? Your sunscreen! So make sure to use one with broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher.  

Don't forget to reapply it throughout the day, especially if you're spending a lot of time outdoors. Plus, look for keywords like "UVA/UVB protection" on the label for added safety. Finally, make a wise choice between choosing a physical (mineral) or a chemical sunscreen. 

Diet and Lifestyle Changes

What you eat and how you live can also impact your melanin levels. Eating foods rich in antioxidants, like fruits and vegetables, can help manage melanin. Also, keeping your skin hydrated is essential for its overall health. 

Remember to avoid spending too much time in the sun and find ways to manage your stress levels, as they can also affect your skin's overall quality. 

Now, no one wants to wear full clothing when it's already steaming hot outside but try to wear full sleeves when sun is in its peak performance. . Avoid wearing dark colors as they absorb sunlight and include more lighter tones. Additionally, invest in good quality hats and sunglasses to protect your hair and eyes. If you are going to be riding in the hot sun, wear gloves as well.

Medical Treatments

In some cases, you might need medical help to reduce melanin. Here are a few options:

  • Chemical peels: These treatments use special chemicals to remove the top layer of your skin, helping to lighten dark spots.
  • Laser therapy: Laser treatments can target specific areas of your skin to reduce melanin production.
  • Topical prescription medications: Your dermatologist might prescribe creams or lotions containing ingredients that help regulate melanin production.

Skincare Routine

Another way to answer how to reduce melanin in the skin is with a proper skincare routine. After all, a skincare routine is a long-term approach that focuses on skin health. The best part? It is not as challenging as it looks. Here's a 4 step routine for you! 


Begin with our Gentle Cleanser with Japanese Yuzu extract and Grape Leaf Extract. Take 1-2 pumps in your wet palm and rub the gel-like formula to create a soft foam. Then, rub it into your skin. As Yuzu extract works to even tone your complexion and Grape Leaf extract fights against signs of ageing, you will notice that your skin appears cleaner and feels softer. 


Then, pick up our Balancing Toner and apply it gently using your palms or a cotton pad. The gel-like moisturizing formula made of Raspberry fruit extract and Japanese Yuzu extract will ease any redness, even tone your skin, and strengthen its protective barriers.


It is now time for targeted treatment. We suggest our Brightening Serum with Vitamin C for this! Vitamin C helps to fade pigmentation and even tone your skin. Plus, the Japanese sakura extract in the formula leaves you with a post-onsen glow. 



Finally, seal in all the goodness with our Light Moisturizer which is loaded with Niacinamide. This superstar ingredient is a multitasker in the real sense. It helps boost collagen production, revive your complexion, and protect against pollution.

Home Remedies

If you enjoy using the ingredients from your kitchen to solve your skin concerns every once in a while, you are in for a treat! Here are 3 home remedies to help you control your melanin. 

Apply Avocado Pulp

Blend an avocado to create a creamy paste and apply it to your face and neck. Avocados contain an antioxidant called glutathione. It is said to inhibit an enzyme called tyrosinase, which is important for melanin production. Keep the paste until it dries, and then rinse it off. 

Honey and Lemon Paste 

Mix equal parts of honey and lemon in a bowl, preferably one tablespoon. Make sure you mix them well. Apply and keep it on your face for 15-20 minutes before rinsing it. Honey is a natural moisturizer and lemon contains a lot of Vitamin C. Therefore, it acts like a natural skin-lightening agent which fades hyperpigmentation.

Tomato and Rose Water 

Take one tomato and blend it to create a puree. Add some rose water and blend it again. Apply and leave it on for 15-20 minutes before rinsing it. Tomatoes are known to inhibit tyrosinase activity. Plus, they are anti-inflammatory in nature. 

Maintaining Healthy Skin Post-Treatment

In case you have undergone professional treatments or are using a topical cream, for that matter, sun protection is of utmost importance. Your skin may get sensitive to light and might react adversely to harsh sun rays. 

Additionally, keep visiting your dermatologist for regular skin health checkups. Plus, make sure you are not introducing too many things into your routine at once. Introduce them slowly and steadily post-treatment to avoid harm.

Finally, don't overdo home remedies or any form of treatment for that matter. Your skin is extremely delicate. And thus, doing everything in moderation is the key. 


And there you have it—your answer to 'how to reduce melanin?' It is important to remember that your skin's melanin production is determined greatly by your genetic component, which cannot be changed. Your hormones and environmental factors are secondary factors that may trigger melanin production. 

Plus, there is no running away from melanin production. You cannot permanently stop it or remove it completely. However, you can manage hyperpigmentation by adopting the given lifestyle tips. Additionally, you can explore a skincare routine and mix it with some home remedies. 

A word of caution? Always speak to your dermatologist before trying anything new. You do not want to do more harm than good. 

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